06 Nov Almond and Its History
Almond and Its History
The history of almond dates back to Ancient Babylon. It is accepted by historians that the history of almond started there, and almond is among the oldest cultivated foods. Its seed was revealed among the spoils found on the island of Pharos near Alexandria in Egypt.
It is a fact that the homeland of almond is China and Central Asia; and it was consumed by travelers on the Silk Road between Asia and Europe continents. Almond was brought to Turkey, Greece, and the Middle East by travelers. It is known that almond cultivation has been carried out in the Mediterranean coasts, especially in Spain and Italy for long years.
The wild form of almond grows in the Mediterranean region countries, namely Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan. Almonds must have been cultivated there for the first time as an agricultural product. Before cultivation, wild almonds were collected for food and decontaminated of their toxicity by roasting-like means most likely. In archaeological terms, almond is one of the fruits found in the tomb of Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun (approximately 1325 B.C.).
Almond (Prunus dulcis) is a small tree species from the Prunoideae sub-family of the rose family (Rosaceae). Almond is the fruit of this tree.
Greece, China, Iran, Italy, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Turkey, and the United States are the main producers of it.
Almond requires a hot and warm climate and is highly resistant to drought. It does not like humid weather and cold winds. As it blooms early in the springtime, its flowers freeze in late white frost and cannot give fruit.
Almond is mostly grown with vaccines. Some species also reproduce with seeds. Young plant starts to give fruit at the age of 3-4. It has a lifespan between 40-50 years. The outer shell of the ripe fruit dries up and opens. Almond is grown in every region except very high plateaus and coastal areas of the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey. Almond cultivation is more common in the Aegean region of Turkey, followed by the Mediterranean, Central Anatolia, and Marmara regions. Especially in the Aegean and Mediterranean regions of Turkey two-thirds of the almond production is obtained. The most important region for almond cultivation is the Aegean region and there the Datça Peninsula comes to the forefront.
Benefits of Almond
• ● Thanks to the monounsaturated fatty acids, fiber, antioxidants, as well as minerals such as magnesium and calcium in its content, almond is a friend of your skin and heart.
● With its high and pure vitamin E antioxidant content, it combats with free radicals and protects your body against harmful effects.
● It reduces the level of bad cholesterol (LDL) in the blood significantly and reduces your risk of heart disease.
● As it is rich in fiber, almond increases bowel movements by drawing water into the intestines and is good for constipation problem.
● As it is rich in protein, almond helps to increase muscle mass.
● Thanks to its high calcium content, it helps strengthen bones. It is a great source of vegetable calcium, especially for those who do not consume milk and dairy products and are vegan.
● Studies on animals have shown that almond plays a protective role against colon cancer.